What are the symptoms and causes of temporomandibular Joint disorders?
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (Lower Jaw Joint)
In summary, temporomandibular joint (TM ) is a syndrome of pain and dysfunction that holds the muscles of the temporomandibular joint (TM) and/or chewing muscles. Jaw joint disorders, today has taken under the influence of a common segment. The alignment between the joint surface and the disc is disrupted.
What Are The Symptoms Of Lower Jaw Disorders?
Pain during opening of the mouth
- Clicking on the squeaking, clicking, clicking when opening and closing the mouth
- Restricted opening or deadlock during opening of the mouth
- Pain or stiffness in the neck
What are the symptoms of migraine headaches?)
- Pain during chewing and felt percent
Pain when closing the teeth on top of each other
- Sensation in jaw during chewing
- Usually when you wake up in the morning to have difficulty in opening the jaw and experiencing pain
- To have difficulty flexing
Ear pain and ringing in the ears, rumbling sounds, congestion and feeling of pressure
- Sudden change in the form of Union of our upper and lower teeth
- Facial muscle hyperplasia may be due to the percent asymmetry
- Deviation of jaw during mouth opening)
What Are The Causes Of Lower Jaw Joint Function Disorders?
* Direct trauma to the jaw or joint area (accidental or Impact))
- One-sided chewing habits
- Dental deficiencies
- Tooth tightening and grinding
- Stress, depression, etc.
- Non-physiological tooth closure
- Developmental defects of the joint( hypoplasia, etc.))
- Degenerative joint disorders, osteoarthritis, arthrosis
- Autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus
- Unknown factors
- Examination of teeth and closing system
- Examination of chewing muscles
- Examination of the jaw joint
***The most important thing to do first is patient education.
Some of the tests may be used along with the examination for diagnosis of jaw joint disorders. In addition, traditional or Computed Tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are frequently used imaging methods. Rarely, scintigraphy or pet examinations may be required.
- Treatment of symptoms.
- Treating the underlying cause.
- Elimination of preparative factors.
- Treatment of pathological effects.
What Are The Treatment Options?
- Patient education and treatment
- Splint therapy
- Psychiatric support
- Advanced treatments (surgery, etc.))
- The burden on the joints is very important to reduce stress should be removed from the patient .
- Chewing gum and eating hard foods to make the jaw yuracak is prohibited.
- When yawning and sneezing, the mouth should not be opened, chin should be supported by hand.
- Biting action should definitely not be done, foods should be taken into small pieces of mouth.
- One-sided chewing should not be done, foods should be chewed to be used on both sides.
- In cases where pain is very severe, pain relievers, muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory drugs may be used until the doctor's procedure.
End Of Treatment
- Early and pathological tubercle contacts are corrected.
- Closing is checked, if necessary, the patient is referred to the orthodontic section.
- Tooth deficiencies, if any, are eliminated through the prosthetic treatments and a neutral closure is provided.
- If you continue to grind or squeak, you will be asked to consult a psychiatrist.
As a result of these complementary treatments, the treatment process can be completed successfully. Treatment of TME dysfunction requires a multidisciplinary approach, primarily patient compliance. With the treatment of TME specialist, physical therapy specialist, psychiatrist, neurologist may also require consultation.