It is the main field that deals with inflammatory diseases and their treatment by dental tissues and surrounding tissues.
Periodontitis disease; is an inflammatory species characterized by destruction of the tooth and supporting tissue of the tooth (periodontal ligament, cementum, alveolar bone). Gingivitis progresses to the alveolar bone (jaw bone). The main cause is bacterial plaques, which can be treated mechanically. It can be seen that genetic, environmental and systematic factors are the causes of the disease. Epilepsy, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, down syndrome, AIDS and blood diseases are also among the systemic factors.
Gingival bleeding is the first sign of periodontal diseases. Reddened gums, swollen and bright surface. Most of the time, these symptoms, bad breath, itching in the gums, bleeding sensation, teeth sensitivity can be added
Periodontal diseases may affect people at different ages from childhood to old age. Most of the time, the patient does not have any complaints such as pain can progress without symptoms. When the patient complains, intact, decayed teeth are lost by shaking due to the loss of supportive tissues.
If the main teeth can be saved, no matter how unhealthy, all necessary treatment methods should be applied in order to avoid loss. Periodontal therapy comes into play at this point. Different treatment methods can be applied according to the type and severity of the disease. These; primarily oral hygiene education, dental calculus cleaning, root flattening, regenerative, reconstructive and mucogingival operations can be summarized simply. Periodontal treatment may be included in providing gingival aesthetics of individuals with a high laughing line. The habits of the patient and the cooperation with the specialist physician, oral hygiene and treatment planning directly affect the success.
No restorative treatment can be applied to periodontally healthy teeth